Non-traumatic epidural posterior fossa hematomas in child with Sensenbrenner syndrome: a case report and literature review
Keywords:Epidural hematoma, Coagulopathy, Bleeding diathesis, Sensenbrenner syndrome, Ciliopathy
Background: Posterior fossa extradural hematomas are an uncommon condition with more than half of cases appearing in the pediatric population. Although the majority of cases are caused by substantial trauma, it may also be related to systemic diseases and bleeding disorders without the history of head trauma.
Case report: We present the case of a 6-year-old female affected by Sensenbrenner syndrome with a non-traumatic subacute posterior fossa epidural hematoma. The patient was surgically treated and medically discharged without further neurological alteration. This is the first report of spontaneous cerebral hematoma associated with this syndrome in the literature. A literature review of the main aspects of both topics was performed.
Conclusions: Although spontaneous posterior fossa epidural hematomas are rare, clinicians should be aware and highly suspicious of this differential diagnosis in certain situations such as coagulopathies and other specific systemic diseases, as fast recognition and assertive treatment are important for better outcomes.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Mariana Mazzuia Guimarães, Daniel Dante Cardeal, José Erasmo Dal Col Lucio, Felipe Hada Sanders, Gustavo Correa Lordelo, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Hamilton Matushita
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